What are the Basic Requirements to Take a Loan in India?

provide relevant documents to support their eligibility claims. Commonly required documents include:


  • a. Identity Proof: Aadhaar card, passport, voter ID, or driver’s license.
  • b. Address Proof: Utility bills, rental agreement, or any government-issued address proof.
  • c. Income Proof: Salary slips, income tax returns, or audited financial statements for self-employed individuals.
  • d. Bank Statements: Bank statements for the last 6 to 12 months to verify income and assess financial behavior.
  • e. Property Documents: In the case of secured loans like home loans, the borrower needs to submit property-related documents.

Down Payment (For Certain Loans)


For certain types of loans, such as home loans and car loans, borrowers are often required to make a down payment. A down payment is a percentage of the total loan amount that the borrower needs to pay upfront. The loan amount is then the difference between the total cost of the asset and the down payment made.


Collateral (For Secured Loans)


Secured loans, like home loans and loan against property, require borrowers to provide collateral as security against the loan. Collateral can be immovable property, fixed deposits, or any other valuable asset that the lender can claim in case of loan default.


Loan Purpose

Lenders may inquire about the purpose of the loan. Different loan types may have varying eligibility criteria based on the intended use of the funds. For instance, education loans may require proof of admission to an accredited institution, while business loans may need a comprehensive business plan.



Taking a loan in India requires careful consideration of various factors. Meeting the basic eligibility criteria, having the necessary documents in order, maintaining a good credit score, and understanding the specific requirements of the loan type are crucial steps in ensuring loan approval. Before applying for a loan, it is advisable to compare different lending institutions and their offerings to find the best fit for your financial needs. Remember to borrow responsibly and consider your repayment capability before committing to any loan agreement.